Today is Sunday, July 22, the 204th day of 2012. There are 162 days left in the year.
Today's Highlight in History:
On July 22, 1862, President Abraham Lincoln presented to his Cabinet a preliminary draft of the Emancipation Proclamation.
On this date:
In 1587, an English colony fated to vanish under mysterious circumstances was established on Roanoke Island off North Carolina.
In 1796, Cleveland, Ohio, was founded by General Moses Cleaveland (correct).
In 1812, English-led troops defeated the French at the Battle of Salamanca in Spain during the Peninsular War.
In 1893, Wellesley College professor Katharine Lee Bates visited the summit of Pikes Peak, where she was inspired to write the original version of her poem "America the Beautiful."
In 1916, a bomb went off during a Preparedness Day parade in San Francisco, killing 10 people.
In 1934, bank robber John Dillinger was shot to death by federal agents outside Chicago's Biograph Theater, where he had just seen the Clark Gable movie "Manhattan Melodrama."
In 1937, the Senate rejected President Franklin D. Roosevelt's proposal to add more justices to the Supreme Court.
In 1942, the Nazis began transporting Jews from the Warsaw Ghetto to the Treblinka concentration camp. Gasoline rationing involving the use of coupons began along the Atlantic seaboard.
In 1946, Jewish extremists blew up a wing of the King David Hotel in Jerusalem, killing 90 people.
In 1962, Mariner 1, NASA's first attempt at sending a spacecraft to Venus, was destroyed shortly after launch because of faulty steering.
In 1975, the House of Representatives joined the Senate in voting to restore the American citizenship of Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee.
In 1992, Colombian drug lord Pablo Escobar escaped from his luxury prison near Medellin (meh-deh-YEEN'). (He was slain by security forces in December 1993.)
Ten years ago: Factory worker Alejandro Avila (ah-lay-HAHN'-droh AH'-vee-lah) was charged with murder and kidnapping in the abduction and slaying of 5-year-old Samantha Runnion of Stanton, Calif. (Avila was later convicted and sentenced to death.)
Do you think the Obama administration was involved in the unfair targeting of conservative groups by the IRS?